Topgrid Pest Specialist

TOPGRID

BULLETIN

SEPTEMBER 2021

Ectoparasites of Pets

Ectoparasites are parasites that live on the outside of its host. The most common ectoparasites of pets are cat fleas and dog ticks.

Cat fleas

Cat fleas are tiny, wingless insects that live on cat’s body, feeding on blood and laying eggs in its fur. Cat get invested with fleas from other flea-infested animals, such as a stray dog or cat, neighbours’ pets or urban wildlife. A female flea can lay up to 2ooo eggs in its
lifetime. Flea bite is painful and can cause:

  • Anaemia
  • Flea allergic dermatitis (allergy to flea saliva)
  • Tapeworm infection (if a cat consume fleas infected with tapeworm eggs when grooming

How can you tell if your cat has fleas?

  • Look out for dark spots in cat’s fur, black specks (flea faeces) or white flea eggs
  • Scratching or gnawing to relieve the itch
  • Physical change such as hair loss, skin lesions

Dog ticks

Dog ticks are small, oval and flat pest. Dog get infested with ticks from outdoor environment such as feild areas or high grass where the ticks usually hang out. A tick cling on to the top of a long blade of grass when questing for hosts to latch onto. When a host passes, the ticks attach itself to the host by inserting it’s mouthparts into the host’s skin. A tick bite can cause
  • Anaemia
  • Flea allergic dermatitis (allergy to flea saliva)
  • Tapeworm infection (if a cat consume fleas infected with tapeworm eggs when grooming

How can you tell if your dog has ticks?

  •  Unusual tiny bumps around it’s ears, neck, head and feet.
  • Paralysis that affects the hind limbs, results in a wobbly walk or inability to stand.
  • Difficulty in eating.

How to prevent cat fleas and dog ticks?

The ideal way to prevent fleas and ticks is by regularly using tick control products and have a monthly anti-flea treatment.