Flies – Pathogens carrier

Commonly found in Singapore:

  1. House fly, Musca domestica
  2. Blue Bottle fly, Calliphora vomitoria
  3. Fruit fly, Drosophila spp
  4. Phorid fly, Phoridae spp

General Identification

  • Undergo complete metamorphosis
  • Egg -> larva -> pupa -> adult
  • Generally breeds in organic matters
  • Their mouths absorb food like a sponge
  • They can only eat liquids
  • But they turn solid foods into a liquid through spitting or vomiting on it
  • Their tongues are shaped like straws so they can suck up their food
Flies on watermelon
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Fun facts

  • Disease-carrying traits
  • Studies have found as many as 6 million bacteria on just one fly
  • Transmits bacteria, viruses and eggs of parasitic worms
  • Carrier for Staphylococcus aureaus, Sammonella spp., E. coli and Shigella spp
  • Their larvae are known as maggots.
  • Doctors use a special species of maggots to help patients with flesh wounds
  • Especially burn victims
  • Maggots eat away the damaged flesh, which helps the wound heal
  • Unlike other pests, most flies are active during the day
  • They are attracted to UV light
  • Best to install flytrap as low as possible for effective control